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Our Compression Sock Research

Lily Trotters continues to stay up-to-date on the science behind compression. Below are the sources for the research we refer to when we discuss the benefits of compression.


  1. Ali, A., M. P. Caine, and B. G. Snow. "Graduated Compression Stockings: Physiological and Perceptual Responses during and after Exercise." Journal of Sports Sciences. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 15 Feb. 2007. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17365528)
  2. Ali, A., R. H. Creasy, and J. A. Edge. "Physiological Effects of Wearing Graduated Compression Stockings during Running." European Journal of Applied Physiology. U.S. National Library of Medicine, Aug. 2010. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20354717)
  3. Ali, A., R. H. Creasy, and J. A. Edge. "The Effect of Graduated Compression Stockings on Running Performance." Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. U.S. National Library of Medicine, May 2011. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21293307)
  4. LeWine, M.D. Howard. "Leg Clots (aka Deep-vein Thrombosis): An Immediate and Long-term Health Hazard." Harvard Health Blog. 14 Dec. 2011. (http://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/leg-clots-aka-deep-vein-thrombosis-an-immediate-and-long-term-health-hazard-201112143955#respond)
  5. Lim, Chung Sim, and Alun H. Davies. "Graduated Compression Stockings." CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal. Canadian Medical Association, 08 July 2014. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4081237/#b4-186e391)
  6. Kemmler, W., S. Von, C. Köckritz, J. Mayhew, A. Wassermann, and J. Zapf. "Effect of Compression Stockings on Running Performance in Men Runners." Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. U.S. National Library of Medicine, Jan. 2009. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19057400)
  7. Rivas, E., J. D. Smith, and N. W. Sherman. "Leg Compressions Improve Ventilatory Efficiency While Reducing Peak and Post Exercise Blood Lactate, but Does Not Improve Perceived Exertion, Exercise Economy or Aerobic Exercise Capacity in Endurance-trained Runners." Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology. U.S. National Library of Medicine, Mar. 2017. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28013058)
  8. Treseler, C., W. R. Bixby, and S. Nepocatych. "The Effect of Compression Stockings on Physiological and Psychological Responses after 5-km Performance in Recreationally Active Females." Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. U.S. National Library of Medicine, July 2016. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26670987)
  9. Vazquez, Sara R., and Susan R. Kahn. "Postthrombotic Syndrome." Circulation. American Heart Association, Inc., 02 Mar. 2010. (http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/121/8/e217.full)
  10. Weiss, R. A., and D. Duffy. "Clinical Benefits of Lightweight Compression: Reduction of Venous-related Symptoms by Ready-to-wear Lightweight Gradient Compression Hosiery." Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]. U.S. National Library of Medicine, Sept. 1999. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10491060)
  11. “A guide to the Best Compression Socks.” Compression Point. (http://www.compressionpoint.com/)
  12. "African Americans & Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT): 7 Signs To Look For." BlackDoctor. 24 Apr. 2017. (http://blackdoctor.org/446825/african-americans-deep-vein-thrombosis-dvt/)
  13. "Air Travel Health Tips." Harvard Health Publications. (http://www.health.harvard.edu/staying-healthy/air-travel-health-tips)
  14. "Graduated Compression Stockings: Physiological and Perceptual Responses during and after Exercise." Taylor & Francis. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02640410600718376)
  15. "How Can Varicose Veins Be Prevented?" National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 13 Feb. 2014. (https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/vv/prevention)
  16. "Pregnancy." Pregnancy | This Is Serious. (http://thisisserious.org/know-your-risk/pregnancy)
  17. "Pregnancy and the Increased Risk of Developing Blood Clots." Health-Encyclopedia - Kaiser Permanente. (http://k-p.li/2pSQItH)
  18. "Sporty Compression Socks: To Wear or Not to Wear?" Archives of Dermatology. American Medical Association, 01 May 2012. (http://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamadermatology/article-abstract/1160680)
  19. "Varicose Veins: 7 Myths You Shouldn’t Believe." Health Essentials from Cleveland Clinic. 13 May 2017. (https://health.clevelandclinic.org/2015/12/varicose-veins-7-myths-you-shouldnt-believe/)
  20. “Women & Blood Clots” The National Blood Clot Alliance https://womenandbloodclots.org/resources/
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